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How to grow Persimmons in your backyard

How to grow Persimmons in your backyard

Auburn, Ala.—Persimmons are a unique kind of fruit. They look like orange tomatoes on the outside, but the inside is full of sweet fruit. They are not your typical and average fruit, but growing a persimmon tree is not as difficult as one might think. A little known fact about persimmon trees are that they easily adapt to a variety of soils.Fruit..._persimmons_(1944711898)

Persimmons are an edible fruit in the genus Diospyros, which is in the family Ebenaceae. Oriental or Japanese persimmons are the most widely cultivated. They are a light to dark orange color. They come in different shapes and sizes, typically from 1.5 to 9 cm. When ripe, persimmons have a high-glucose content. Similar to tomatoes, it is scientifically classified as a berry though others tend to disagree.

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Persimmon trees are native to Korea, China, Nepal, Japan and Burma. It is commonly cultivated in India, California, Brazil and Europe. The fruits are known to be sweet and tangy but very sour when unripe. Unfortunately they do not ship well commercially, so availability at grocery stores is limited. However, those interested in the fruit can grow the trees themselves.

Alabama has a similar climate to those of its native countries, so persimmon trees can grow and be sustained here. Northern Alabama tends to get colder temperatures, but it can still be planted. Hayes Jackson, an urban regional Alabama Extension agent, suggests the trees be planted between November and February.

“The biggest challenge in growing persimmon trees here is actually finding them,” said Jackson. “Seek out a nursery that carries them in different varieties.”

Varieties

Persimmon trees come in varieties such as Japanese, American, light-colored, dark-colored, soft and firm fruits. “Some persimmon trees can grow to be 30 feet, while others stay 10 feet. The bigger they get, the slower it grows,” he said.

Jackson suggests that gardeners fully understand the different varieties and know which one best suits their climate and garden. The trees should be planted where they can receive full sun and should be watered for the first year. Once the fruits start growing, crop and prune the trees to support the weight. Expect fruits soon after the tree is planted.

With any fruit tree, owners can expect wildlife animals to snack on some. Lucky for the gardeners, the fruit produces plenty to be shared amongst wildlife and humans. Jackson suggests leaving out traps if harvesters do not want wildlife eating the fruit.

Persimmons are easy to grow and take care of. One downside is the cost of the fruit tree. Furthermore, the trees are hard to bud and sometimes do not survive the digging. But minus the cons, persimmon trees adapt to a wide variety of soils, are pest-free and disease-free.

Once the trees produce the fruit, harvesters can expect them to be ready to eat around September. A ripe persimmon will be soft or firm, but both will a great source of Vitamin A, Vitamin C, potassium and fiber.

About Mohsina Yusuf

5 comments

  1. There is a very large persimmon tree in my grandparent’s back yard. (Now, my backyard.) Not once has it produced fruit / berries in over 50 years! (It’s been there much longer, although I don’t know how long. It was a full grown tree from my earliest memory.) It has plentiful blooms in the spring and hundreds of honey bees have always spent the days enjoying the blossoms. There is another, younger tree, a few acres from this one. It produces small tasty fruit / berries. There are likely others in the area, although I’m not certain. Does anyone know why the large old tree has never produced fruit / berries?

    • Native persimmons are usually dioecious meaning that some trees produce male flowers while others produce female flowers. Trees of both sexes are required to produce a full crop. It’s likely that your mature tree is a male native persimmon. Oriental persimmons which are now commonly available in garden centers and nurseries may produce male, female and/or perfect flowers on the same tree and do not need cross-pollination to set fruit. Native and Oriental persimmons will not cross-pollinate. You may find this helpful.http://www.clemson.edu/extension/hgic/plants/vegetables/tree_fruits_nuts/hgic1357.html

  2. If you want persimmons of a useful size, do not opt for the native American persimmon. Choose one of the Asian varieties. Korean and Japanese persimmons are the ones you will likely encounter in American food stores. The midget persimmons produced by our native tree are decidedly inferior.

  3. Thank you for information.